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U.S. U-21 Impact Rankings: MLS 2023 Season Preview



The MLS season is less than a week away and if you are like me, your primary reason for watching the MLS is to monitor young American talent that could impact the United States Youth and Men’s National Teams. The MLS rosters will continue to change as the season starts, but at this point, we have a strong sense of how each team will be constructed, and consequentially, what roles young American could play for their clubs. This list is comprised of United States eligible players that are born in 2002 or later.

Likely Locked Starters

GK, Chris Brady, Chicago Fire (2004)

Chicago did not go out and acquire a starting level, veteran goalkeeper this offseason which strongly indicates that they are going to give Brady the opportunity. After selling Gaga Slonina to Chelsea for seven figures, Brady is the next super talented keeper born in 2004 that will have a chance to shine in MLS.

LB, John Tolkin, New York Red BUlls (2002)

Tolkin finished at the top of last year’s MLS U-21 impact rankings and if he stays with RBNY throughout the season he will likely finish near the top again. I am surprised Tolkin did not get a move to Europe in January, but a strong start to the season could lead to a summer move. 

RB, Tayvon Gray, New York City FC (2002)

I was expecting last season to be a breakout year for Gray, but injuries and some competition from Anton Tinnerholm got in the way of that. With Tinnerholm gone, this could be the year Gray becomes one of the better right-backs in MLS. 

SPOT Starters

RB, Bode Hidalgo, Real Salt Lake (2002)

Aaron Herrera was traded to Montreal and that leaves Hidalgo as the only right-back/right wing-back type player on the RSL roster to start the season. It’s possible that RSL brings in competition at some point this season, but for now, it looks like Hidalgo is going to get a lot of minutes for Salt Lake. 

RB, Kayden Pierre, Sporting Kansas City (2003)

Pierre was one of the most improved young American players in MLS and received spot starts for Sporting KC throughout the year. I was hoping Pierre would get a chance to be the full time starter this year, but KC brought back MLS veteran, Graham Zusi, so my bet is that they will split time at the position at the beginning of the year. Hopefully Pierre will win the job outright before the end of the season. 

RB/CB, Michael Halliday, Orlando City (2003)

Orlando’s starting right-back from last season, Ruan, moved to DC United and so that leaves three right-backs on the roster battling for minutes. Kyle Smith is the veteran while Halliday will be pushing for the starting spot along with the next player on the list, Alex Freeman. I expect Smith to begin the season as the starter, but both young right-backs should push for starts. 

RB, Alex Freeman, Orlando City (2004)

Freeman is the younger and more inexperienced player of the two young right-backs for Orlando, but he is the more talented player. I am going a little out on a limb in saying that I think Freeman will get some starts, but I think by the end of the year Freeman could solidify himself as the first choice right-back. Freeman has a Bryan Reynolds type profile at right-back. 

LB, Isaiah Foster, FC Cincinnati (2003

Cincinnati made a move for Isaiah Foster this offseason from the Colorado Switchbacks in USL. Young players moving from USL to MLS is a positive development and a pathway I’d like to see more of. I don’t expect him to start week in and week out, but he should get ample opportunity to play for FCC this year because they lack any other true left-footed full-backs. 

LB, Caleb Wiley, Atlanta United (2004)

Wiley was a spot starter at both left-back and left-wing for an injury depleted Atlanta squad last season. With Andrew Gutman fit and Derrick Etienne at left-wing, starts could be harder to come by for Wiley at the beginning of the season. Wiley’s talent is too good to not count on a significant role for the club before the end of the season. 

RCB, Jalen Neal, LA Galaxy (2003)

Predicting Neal to get spot starts for LA Galaxy is a speculative pick and I may be predicting this more with my heart than my mind, but I am hoping LAG sees the light. The Galaxy have a stable of veteran and uninspiring players at center-back and I think Neal is ready to play center-back at an MLS level, but it will come down to whether he gets the opportunity. If he does, I think he’ll take it and not look back.

RCB, Brandan Craig, Philadelphia Union (2004)

Craig is the second United States U-20 center-back that I think will get some minutes this year and coincidentally, both are the likely starting center-backs for the United States U-20 team for the U-20 World Cup in May and June of this year. Philadelphia Union has alluded to the idea that Craig will get some starts this year, likely in a three-back shape. Given the amount of games Philly will play this season, I think it’s a safe bet that we will see more of Craig.

DM, JOsh Atencio, Seattle Sounders (2002)

The Seattle Sounders typically play in a 4-2-3-1 shape and they have a lot of players that play in that second line of two. Atencio is one of those players and one of three U-21 U.S. eligible players that can play in that role. Last year it appeared that Obed Vargas was higher on the depth chart than Atencio and Danny Leyva, but with his injury challenges, Atencio could see the most minutes this season. We saw that he was the preferred choice over Danny Leyva in the Club World Cup a few weeks ago.

DM, Daniel Edelman, New York Red Bulls (2003)

Edelman earned a starting role towards the end of last season and I expect him to get a good amount of starts this season. He might become a locked starter fairly soon, but there is a good amount of competition in central midfield for RBNY and so I think Edelman will have to play really well to earn that role.

CM, Jack McGlynn, Philadelphia Union (2003)

McGlynn was one of the U-21 breakout players in MLS last season and this year he looks to build on that and become an even more impactful professional. He’ll likely split time with veteran Alejandro Bedoya. Further progression by lefty McGlynn could lead to a move to Europe this summer or next winter. 

CM, Niko Tsakiris, San Jose Earthquakes (2005)

Tsakiris is one of the most talented U.S. players born in 2005 and was the only 2005 player to make the Concacaf U-20 Championship roster for the United States. Tsakiris started to get more minutes as the season went on last year and started the last couple of games and looked good. With Luchi Gonzalez as the new manager I would expect Tsakiris to have a significant role in the midfield for San Jose.

CM, Obed Vargas, Seattle Sounders (2005)

Vargas was looking like the breakout player early in the MLS season last year after a really impressive showing in the Concacaf Champions League, but unfortunately Vargas’ season was cut short because of a significant back injury. He was back in preseason training and reportedly looking really good before picking up a muscle injury. It’s not thought to be significant and hopefully Vargas can work his way back into the starting lineup.

AM, Brian Gutierrez, Chicago Fire (2003)

Gutierrez had a very good season last year — contributing two goals and five assists. He can play left-wing, attacking-mid and right-wing in Chicago’s preferred 4-2-3-1 setup and that flexibility and emerging talent should lead to a lot of minutes and potentially some European interest this season. He may not start every game, but he’ll likely appear in every game he is available for.

AM, Diego Luna, Real Salt Lake (2003)

Luna moved to Real Salt Lake last summer from USL side El Paso. Luna is still adjusting to the increased physicality and speed of play in MLS, but should start to get more minutes and more starts in his first full season at Salt Lake.

WING, Cade Cowell, San Jose Earthquakes (2003)

Cowell very well be a locked in starter for Luchi Gonzalez this year, but with Ben Kikanovic still in the South Bay he will likely rotate a bit. Gonzalez has said that he has “big plans” for Cowell who has had rumored interest from big clubs in Europe over the last two seasons. Cowell is an elite athlete that is still developing the technical and tactical aspects of his game. If he takes considerable steps forward in those areas this year he could require a handsome transfer fee.

WING, Jackson Hopkins, DC United (2004)

Hopkins is well liked by manager Wayne Rooney and was a spot starter for a poor DC United team last year. The attack has been bolstered a bit, so Hopkins likely isn’t a locked starter, but he should get a lot of minutes in his second MLS season.

Consistently Used Substitutes

LB, Noah Allen, Inter Miami (2004)

Allen was reportedly looking improved in preseason this year, but an injury has cut his preseason short. I expect that Allen will work his way into the rotation at some point this year. 

DM, Peter Stroud, New York Red Bulls (2002)

Stroud signed a homegrown deal with RBNY this year and will be entering his first season in MLS. He was considered by most to be the best player in NCAA soccer last year and those in the scouting community believe that if he had not had to deal with serious injury issues as a youth player he’d be one of the most hyped USYNT/USMNT prospects. Stroud is good enough to earn a role in the RBNY midfield pretty early on in the season. 

DM, Danny Leyva, Seattle Sounders (2003)

Leyva was rumored to be on the move this offseason because Seattle knew minutes would be hard to come by and he seems to be behind Josh Atencio and Obed Vargas on the depth chart. Nonetheless, he should still get consistent sub minutes.

CM, Owen Wolff, Austin FC (2004)

Wolff surprisingly earned a considerable role for Austin last season, much of which he played out of position at right-wing. I expect Wolff to build on that and be a key rotational player for father Wolff this season.

CM, Ben Cremaschi, Inter Miami (2005)

Cremaschi is a new homegrown for Inter Miami and is a big talent, probably the most talented homegrown IMCF has signed to date. It will be interesting to see how Neville incorporates him into the squad — I think he’ll earn consistent minutes before too long. 

CM, Noel Buck, New England Revs (2005)

Buck was pretty good in his first season in MLS and I expect that he will continue to get spot minutes off the bench for the Revs. 

CM, Brooklyn Raines, Houston Dynamo (2005)

Raines was not eligible to play for the Dynamo last year because of the transfer rules around homegrown players moving from one Academy to another, but he should get his MLS debut early in the season and become a rotational piece in the midfield.

CM, Sergio Oregel Jr, Chicago Fire (2005)

The Fire’s midfield depth is fairly thin and Oregel has been developing nicely in MLS Next Pro. It’s possible he works his way into the rotation before too long. 

AM, Ted Ku-DiPietro, DC United (2002)

Ku-DiPietro has long been a player I rate highly and a player I thought would have a breakout season in 2022, but he never really earned or received an opportunity to get consistent minutes. He has had a nice preseason and this could be the year he puts it all together at the MLS level.

AM, Esmir Bajraktarevic, New England Revs (2005)

I think Bajraktarevic is the most talented of the New England Homegrowns even though he struggled some in MLS Next Pro last year. I am betting on his talent to come through and earn a rotation role out wide and as a number ten.

AM, Favion Loyola, Orlando City (2005)

Loyola is a new homegrown from the Orlando City Academy and he is also a U.S. Youth International. Orlando added a lot of attacking firepower this offseason, but I still think Loyola could carve out a roll for himself this year.

WING, BeRnard Kamungo, FC Dallas (2002)

Kamungo is a really cool story. He earned a North Texas SC contract after an open tryout to the public and he recently became a U.S. Citizen after moving from Tanzania. After flourishing for FCDs second team he earned a first team contract and will be entering his first full year with the first team. I think Kamungo will earn the role as the first winger off the bench behind starters Pail Arriola and Alan Velasco. 

WING, Jonathan Perez, LA Galaxy (2003)

The Galaxy sold a bunch of wingers and are actively trying to get rid of one of the last two, Douglas Costa, which would leave Perez as the only natural winger on the roster. Will Galaxy play with wingers? Who knows what Chris Klein is doing, but it would seem that Perez is going to have a role with the first team this year. 

WING, Serge Ngoma, New York Red Bulls (2005)

When Ngoma was healthy last season he looked really dynamic. The problem is that Ngoma was rarely fit. If he can stay healthy, he will be a consistent sub and potential starter for RBNY this season. 

WING, Kris Fletcher, DC United (2005)

Fletcher was signed to a homegrown deal last year after impressing for reserve club Loudoun United. Fletcher should get more of a first team role this year as either a left-winger or striker. Fletcher is a talented kid with a powerful right-foot.

CF, Quimi Ordonez, FC Cincinnati (2003)

Ordonez is provisionally cap-tied to Guatemala after an outstanding Concacaf U-20 Championship and he has been impressing in preseason. The striker depth chart is deep in Cincinnati so opportunities are going to be tough to come by, but I think Ordonez will work his way into some minutes. 

CF, Quinn Sullivan, Philadelphia Union (2004)

Sullivan is one of the most talented young Americans in the MLS, but consistent minutes for a very good Philadelphia Union squad have been tough to come by. It looks like he is moving from the midfield to second-striker this year, which I believe is a much better fit in this system. He should be the first striker called off the bench and I bet he bags some goals this year.

CF, Darren Yapi, Colorado Rapids (2004)

It is very hard for young strikers to get minutes in MLS because most clubs invest heavily in that position. Nonetheless, Diego Rubio is the only other option at center-forward for the Rapids and Yapi started to get more of a role towards the end of last season, even with Gyasi Zardes there, so Yapi could have a consistent role this year.

CF, Axel Kei, Real Salt Lake (2007)

Kei is still only 15 years of age and will be 15 throughout the 2023 season, but he showed pretty well in MLS Next Pro and he has the physical profile of a grown man. Add to the fact that RSLs striker depth is thin, so it’s not impossible to think that Kei could get some minutes in the second half of the season.


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Gregg Berhalter’s Legacy



Gregg Berhalter’s time as the USMNT manager has come to an end.  USSF has made the announcement that they have terminated Berhalter’s contract after 5 years in charge of the USMNT.  There are many highs and lows during his time as manager with just as many praises and controversies.  After the humiliating defeat at Couva during the 2018 World Cup Qualifying, there needed to be a change and the goal for 2022 was to qualify no matter what and how.  It was understandable for many fans to let bad results during Berhalter’s first cycle because of the goal we had set for 2022.  Now that we made it out of the group during the 2022 WC, the expectations for the USMNT would increase.  Those expectations have not been fulfilled since the rehiring of Gregg Berhalter.  Here are the top 10 reasons he had to go.

Crashing out of the 2024 Copa America

We were invited and given the rights to host the 2024, Copa America.  The USMNT’s first time participating and hosting the tournament since 2016.  The only players to appear in both tournaments were Christian Pulisic and Ethan Horvath.  On paper, the 2024 squad was better than the 2016 squad in almost every position.  Jürgen Klinsmann had a weaker squad but managed to reach the Semi-Finals in the 2016 Copa America.  It is one of the biggest accomplishments for the USMNT in recent history.  When you look at this year’s roster and what they did last year, the minimum goal should be the Quarterfinals and at most a Semi-Final appearance.  The USMNT did not come anywhere close. 

Players like Weston McKennie and Musah greatly underperformed.  A lack of discipline cost us games, like Tim Weah’s red card, and the foul that led to the Uruguay goal.  Against Bolivia, the USMNT only scored 2 goals against the worst team in CONMEBOL (1 win and a -10 GD in their WCQ campaign).  Giving up a lead when a man down and ultimately losing to Panama should never have happened, especially against a team that the USMNT has only lost to at home 3 times since 1993.  This put the USMNT in the worst possible situation in the tournament, a result against Uruguay and a win or draw for Bolivia. 

Good news did arrive for the USMNT when Bolivia tied the game, but this led to Berhalter informing our players prior to a set piece about the score.  This gave the indication that he wanted to chase for a draw, which has been a common theme during his tenure.  You cannot rely on Bolivia to bail you out.  You MUST go for the win.  As Herculez Gomez said, it is a loser mentality. 

People will blame the refs, Weah’s red card, or not having Dest, but that is not an excuse for poor in-game management by Berhalter.  After the firing of Gregg Berhalter, ESPN’s Jeff Carlisle wrote an article where he said that our group exit from the 2024 Copa America is the first time the USMNT had been eliminated in the group stage of a tournament that was being hosted in the US.  That is just one more stain on the legacy of Gregg Berhalter.

Poor Match Results

As mentioned, the poor result against Panama, a team we should have defeated even with a man down.  There are plenty more matches to talk about.  Since being rehired, Berhalter has a 7-1-6 record.  The most infamous would be against Trinidad & Tobago away.  Again, people will use the excuse that Dest got a red card, and it does not matter since we had qualified for the next round of the 2024 Nations League.  That was a game you should not have lost even with a man down, more so than the Panama match.  There are many other games that can be mentioned but let’s look at more record first.  Berhalter has an overall record of 44-13-17.  When playing outside of the US, the record is 4-7-8. 

Against top 20 FIFA ranked teams, the record is 5-5-8.  Four of those wins came against Mexico and the other being against Iran.  When we compare him to Klinsmann and Bob Bradley against top 20 FIFA ranked teams, Klinsmann was 10-6-14 and Bradley was 9-5-15.  For Bradley, only 3 of those wins were against the same team (Mexico) and 6 in total were against the same teams (2 times against Ecuador, Germany, and Mexico each) for Klinsmann.  This record would make Berhalter the winningest coach by percentage in USMNT history, but there are important contexts to include.  Jamaica was just seconds away from eliminating us in the NL Semi-Finals until an own goal by Cory Burke.  The USMNT did rally to defeat them 3-1 in extra time, but it was still humiliating for the team. 

Then you have the loss against Colombia before the Copa America where we lost 1-5.  The last time the team conceded 5 goals was in 2009.  A 1-3 defeat against Germany back in Oct of 2023 where we were not competitive at all.  From June 5 to November 25, 2022, the US had a 1-5-1 record.  The last match I will reference is the match against Honduras in San Pedro Sula where we had no control over the game in the 1st half.  It was not until Ricardo Pepi helped save Berhalter’s job with 2 assists and 1 goal to give us a 1-4 win.


One of the biggest problems that Gregg Berhalter has is in-game management and pre-game tactics.  His go to formation is a 4-3-3, which is not always bad, but it is defensive minded and creates little chances.  We have seen that over the 5 years of having him as a manager.  During the 2022 WCQ, our goals per match were 1.5 and 1.8 during the 2021 Gold Cup.  The goals conceded per match was 0.2 during that Gold Cup and 0.7 during the WCQ.  Yes, statistically we would not concede a goal, but the USMNT was likely to only win 1-0.  No one likes a 1-0 game, because not only is it boring, but it is risky.  All it would take is for the opposition to score 1 goal to take 2 points from you.  Make it a mission to get 2 goals every game to give you some breathing space.  Berhalter also looks to park the bus, even when it is a tie. 

Against Panama in the Copa America, Berhalter decided to park the bus when it was tied and with a man down at the start of the 2nd half.  That is a high toll to ask the players to park it for 45+ minutes.  You knew you were playing Uruguay next, and that Panama has a very good chance of beating Bolivia.  A draw against Uruguay was going to be very difficult.  Yes, we were a man down, but that does not mean we should have given up getting the 2nd goal.  As we saw, we conceded a 2nd goal and it cost us to be in the worst possible situation in the group stage. 

Besides parking the bus, Berhalter wants us to score primarily off the wings and from crosses.  Against Jamaica during the 2024 NL, we attempted 41 crosses with only 11 being accurate.  None of the 3 goals in that match came from a cross.  Against Trinadad & Tobago at home during the QF of the 2024 NL, they went 11 for 39 on crosses.  The first goal did not come until the 80th minute mark, which should never have come close to being a draw against Trinadad & Tobago at home.  Only 1 of the 3 goals we scored in the last 10 minutes were from a cross.  When BJ Callaghan led the team during the 2023 NL, our crosses were reduced to 17 attempts in both matches.  In both matches, the goals came from up the middle where the team scored a total of 5 goals and 0 goals conceded. 

It was some of the best football that this group of guys have played in the last 5 years.  The players can score more goals than 1 and can score goals without crossing the ball.  As we can see, Berhalter does not know how to react when things do not go to plan as we saw against Panama and against Colombia.  A coach needs to be able to react and make the right call when things go sideways.  That is a major weakness of his and pundits have pointed it out in the past.  After Wales got their goal in the 2022 WC against the USMNT, Berhalter responded by substituting in Jordan Morris instead of Gio Reyna.  Gio Reyna is a playmaker, Jordan Morris is not.  At the time, the US did not have a playmaker on the pitch and that would be the time to use our best player in that role, Gio Reyna.  That is not the first time. 

During his 2nd cycle, Berhalter would commonly substitute Gio Reyna off when he decides to hold a draw or goes a man down.  The US did not win a single game when Gio was subbed off.  During the Copa America, Berhalter left Johnny Cardoso on the bench for Tyler Adams.  Johnny was developed in Brazil and played in several Copa Libertadores and was a standout in LaLiga once he arrived. Tyler Adams only played a total of 138 minutes between the EPL and the EFL Cup last season (Adams was out for majority of the season due to injuries).  Common sense would say to start Johnny Cardoso, but Gregg Berhalter did the complete opposite.  Besides that, Weston McKennie had been playing poorly for the USMNT all year and looked visibly unfit during the Copa America. 

Berhalter continued to start McKennie and gave him a total of 258 minutes.  Berhalter continued to award McKennie with starts and minutes when common sense would say that he must be benched.  Berhalter also had a major problem with rotating players and that had a major impact on the endurance of the players when it came to tournaments.  It was noticeable during the 2022 WC and Copa America.  These are all things that will be remembered by fans.

Player Selection

During his 1st cycle, Gregg Berhalter called up an astounding 65 different players in just competitive matches alone.  During the WCQ, he called up 39 different players to the camps.  Yes, after the 2018 cycle, the USMNT had to rebuild, but does it really require trying out 65 different players to figure that out?  For the WCQ, 13 of the 39 did not make the final cut.  I can understand making 2-3 changes every camp at the youth level, but this is the senior level.  He had already been with the team for 2 years.  He should have had a better idea who he needed to bring with him to the WCQ, which started in the Fall of 2021. 

The changes in the WCQ roster make sense if there is an injury, but not all the changes were made due to injuries, i.e., Gianluca Busio and Paul Arriola.  Berhalter had from 2019 to the Summer of 2021 to determine his WCQ roster and the alternate players.  When creating a team, either for business or sports, you need cohesion, or brotherhood to Berhalter, to get the best out of the team when the results matter. 

Continuously making changes for the most important competitive matches in your tenure will lead to problems.  By the end of the WCQ, the USMNT tied for 3rd in points and only qualified through goal differential.  The USMNT had a record of 7-4-3 with the away record being 1-3-3.  Who knows what that record could have been if the roster was more consistent.  Berhalter has improved his roster selection by focusing more on the players in Europe than the players in the MLS.  The argument for having half the roster or more being MLS players because they were veteran players and the players in Europe were too young.  It is an understandable reason, if that is the case. 

He did make significant changes to the roster when he took back control of the team by removing Jordan Morris, Jesus Ferreira, and Cristian Roldan from the team.  In this current cycle, Berhalter called up 36 different players in the 14 matches he oversaw.  To note, 7 of the 36 are or were MLS-based players.


Gregg Berhalter does deserve big credit to the achievements he made while the manager of the USMNT.  While in charge of the team, he won the CONCACAF Gold Cup and won the CONCACAF Nations League in 2021 and 2024.  Now, you can make an argument that the players had a bigger part in that, when this is the best generation of players we have ever had.  Berhalter was still the manager and deserves the credit as well. 

After the US failed to qualify for the World Cup in 2018, Gregg Berhalter accomplished qualifying for the 2022 World Cup.  It might not have been the prettiest World Cup for the USMNT, but the team did advance to the first round of the knockout stage.  That will be a positive note for his legacy as a USMNT manager.  The only thing that is missing from his list of achievements is a signature win.

There is one more piece to Gregg Berhalter’s legacy that will be remembered by many fans, but I doubt would be a footnote to his legacy (it would eventually be forgotten).  That being his relationship with the players.  I touched a little on in the “Tactics” section by awarding players starts and minutes when they did not deserve it, but it goes further than that.  It is known and visible that Berhalter showed favoritism towards certain players, those being the players on the “leadership committee”.  These players continued to play match after match when they did not deserve it or were too physically tired to continue. 

Tyler Adams mentioned in a press conference during the 2024 Copa America that he never speaks to Berhalter about soccer outside of the camps.  Whether with just a few or everyone, it is a concern that a coach does not speak to his players about the sport, on or off the field.  During the Copa America, it began to look like the players saw Berhalter as more of a friend than a coach.  It can be seen just as a fan by comparing the discipline of the players in the 2022 cycle to the 2024 cycle.  That is a huge concern within a team because it creates complacency and that was visible during the 2024 Nations League and the Copa America.

On paper, Gregg Berhalter will appear to be a top USMNT manager in its history, but once you peel those away and look deeper, he would be ranked below the likes of Bob Bradley, Bruce Arena, and Jürgen Klinsmann.

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What’s in a Resume?



Thomas Deschaine (@uskeeper on X and us_keeper on Instagram)

A look back at the full-time USMNT Manager’s resumes before they were hired

You can’t go anywhere on social media today without seeing passionate fans, former USMNT players, and media asking for Gregg Berhalter to be fired, and rightfully so after the USMNT was grouped at the 2024 Copa America. The USMNT became the first  team since 1993 when the tournament went from a Round-Robin format to a Group Stage & Knockout Stage format to not make it out of the group stage.

Most fans are well aware of how, but maybe not why Gregg Berhalter was hired not once, but twice as the USMNT manager and continue to wonder why he was the chosen one due to his unimpressive resume.

History of the past Full-Time USMNT Managers

The USMNT hired its first full-time manager in 1976 a decade and a half after beating England 1-0 at the 1950 World Cup, during that stretch the USMNT would hire and fire 17 managers with only George Meyer being rehired who failed twice to qualify the USMNT for the World Cup.

Since 1976 the USMNT has also employed 17 managers three who have managed the national team multiple times and five who were caretakers. 

Here’s a look at the resumes of the nine full-time managers at the time of being hired to lead the USMNT along with their records as national team manager.

Walter Chyzowych – July 1976 – November 1980
8 Wins, 10 Draws and 14 Losses, GF-26, GA-50

Walter Chyzowych’s coaching career started as the caretaker of the Philadelphia Textile in 1961 and he ended up coaching the team until 1975, during that time he was also an assistant for Philadelphia Ukrainian Nationals from 1971 to 1975.

In 1975 the U.S. Soccer Federation hired Chyzowych as their director of coaching a position he would hold until 1981. Chyzowych the first full-time USMNT manager would coach the national team for two World Cup cycles (1978 and 1982) failing to qualify for the World Cup both times. Chyzowych’s signature win came on the road against 21st ELO-ranked Hungary a 2-0 win on October 26, 1979. It’s also worth noting that Chyzowych’s older brother Eugene managed the USMNT for three matches in 1973.

Alketas ‘Alkis’ Panagoulias – January 1983 – June 1985
6 Wins, 7 Draws and 5 Losses, GF-19, GA-21

Panagoulias’s coaching career started in 1967 when he coached the New York Greek Americans to three consecutive National Challenge Cup titles in 1967, 1968, and 1969. In 1972 he was hired as the assistant coach for Greece under the legendary Billy Bingham of Northern Ireland. Panagoulias would be employed as the Greece national team manager in 1973. He would coach the Greece national team until 1981. Panagoulias would help Greece qualify for the UEFA Euro 1980, where they would fail to get out of the group.

In 1981 Panagoulias left the Greece national team and would coach Olympiacos for three seasons where he would win the Alpha Ethniki title in 1982 and 1983.

In 1983 US Soccer hired Panagoulias as the USMNT manager, at that time Panagoulias would manage the national team, Team America (1983), and the 1984 US Soccer Olympic team. Panagoulias would fail to qualify for the 1986 World Cup, but came very close to advancing to the final round of qualifying, but lost in a must-win home match to Costa Rice 1-0.

Bob Gansler – January 16, 1989 – February 23, 1991
15 Wins, 6 Draws and 16 Losses, GF-43, GA-41

The former USMNT defender held several coaching positions with the youth team from the mid-1970s until 1989 when he led the U-20 USYNT to fourth place at the 1989 FIFA World Youth Championship, while also serving as the head coach at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee men’s soccer team from 1984 through 1988. Gansler also coached the USMNT for one match in 1982, a 1-0 win against Trinidad & Tobago. Bob Gansler was the first USMNT manager in 40 years to qualify for the World Cup.

Bora Milutinović – March 27, 1991 – April 14, 1995
30 Wins, 31 Draws and 35 Losses, GF-116, GA-110

Bora started his coaching career in 1977 when he was hired as the manager of the UNAM Pumas where he coached until 1983. Bora would win two trophies as the UNAM manager of the Concacaf Champions League and Mexican Champion in the 1980/1981 season.

Bora would next become the Mexican National Team manager in 1983 and coach them at the 1986 World Cup hosted by Mexico. The team would finish sixth and end up losing in penalty kicks to West Germany, who would lose in the Final to Argentina.

After leaving Mexico in 1986 Bora would have a handful of other manager jobs in South and Central America and on short stint in Italy where he would coach Udinese nine matches.

Bora was hired as the Costa Rican National Team manager in 1990 and would coach them at the 1990 World Cup in Italy. Bora would once again get his team out of the group and into the knockout stage. Costa Rica would end up finishing 13th after losing to Czechoslovakia 4-1 in the Round of 16

Steve Sampson – April 15, 1995 – June 29, 1998
26 Wins, 14 Draws and 22 Losses, GF-83, GA-69

Steve Sampson’s coaching career started as the boy’s varsity soccer coach at Awalt High School in Mountain View, California, where he would coach for two seasons, followed by being an assistant coach at Foothill Owls and the UCLA Bruins where he would be part of the coaching staff of the team that would win the 1985 NCAA men’s soccer championship.

Sampson would finally get his first college coaching job when he was hired by Santa Clara Broncos in 1986. Sampson would lead his 1989 Santa Clara Broncos to the NCAA Men’s Soccer Championship against Virginia who was coached by Bruce Arena. The teams would battle through regulation & four overtime and end up being named Santa Clara and Virginia as co-champions.

In 1993 Sampson was hired as an assistant to Bora Milutinović and was on the staff during the 1994 World Cup team.

Bruce Arena – October 26, 1998 – July 14, 2006
71 Wins, 29 Draws and 30 Losses, GF-210, GA-98

Arena was hired as the head soccer coach of Virginia a job he would keep for 18 years. In his time with Virginia Arena won five NCAA Division I men’s soccer championships (1989, 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994) and would coach many USMNTs like Claudio Reyna, Jeff Agoos, Ben Olsen, John Harkes, and Tony Meola.

In 1996 Arena would leave Virginia and coach in the inaugural first season of Major League Soccer for D.C. United where he would end up winning two MLS Championships, one Concacaf Champions Cup, and one Supporter Shield

Arena would also coach the U-23 USMNT team at the 1996 Summer Olympics in Atlanta, Georgia where they would finish third in the group with four points.

Bob Bradley – December 8, 2006 – July 28, 2011
43 Wins, 12 Draws and 25 Losses, GF-134, GA-97

In 1982 Bradley began his coaching career at Ohio University where he coached for two seasons. Bradley would then become an assistant coach under Bruce Arena at Virginia before returning to his alma mater Princeton where he would coach for 11 seasons he would win two Ivy League titles and finished fourth at the 1993 NCAA Division I men’s soccer tournament.

In 1996 Arena would once again hire Bradley to be an assistant coach with him at D.C. United for two seasons. Bradley would also be the Arena’s assistant coach at the 1996 Summer Olympics.

Bradley would finally get his first manager job in the MLS when he was hired by the Chicago Fire in 1998 where he won the MLS Cup as well as the U.S. Open Cup in their first season in the MLS. Bradley would go on to also coach the MetroStars (New York Red Bulls) and Chivas USA while complying with a record of 150 Wins, 74 Draws, and 108 Losses with those three MLS teams, before being hired as the USMNT.

Jürgen Klinsmann – July 29, 2011 – October 13, 2016
55 Wins, 16 Draws and 27 Losses, GF-178, GA-109


Klinsmann would be hired as the German National Team manager in 2004 after a disastrous showing at UEFA Euros. Klinsmann would lead the Germans to the semi-finals of the 2006 World Cup where they would lose in extra time to Italy and end up defeating Portugal in the Third Place playoff match. Soon after the 2006 World Cup Klinsmann declined the offer to renew his contract.

Klinsmann would become the coach of Bayern Munich in July 2008. Klinsmann would get Bayern Munich to the quarter-finals where they would lose to eventual UEFA Champions League winner Barcelona. Klinsmann would be fired with five matches remaining in the Bundesliga season 2008-2009 but would finish in second place in the table two points behind VfL Wolfsburg.

Toronto FC hired Klinsmann in November of 2010 as the team’s technical consultant to help with coaching and player evaluation.

Gregg Berhalter – December 2, 2018 – TBD

44 Wins, 13 Draws and 17 Losses, GF-144, GA-65

In Berhalter’s third and final season as a player with the Los Angeles Galaxy was added as one of the assistant coaches due to his leadership abilities. Berhalter played very few matches due to ongoing and lingering injuries. The Galaxy led by Bruce Arena would end up winning the 2011 Supporters’ Shield and the 2011 MLS Cup

Manager Rumors and Speculations

We’ve seen many lists and thoughts on who the next USMNT manager should be if Gregg Berhalter either steps down or is sacked by US Soccer.  The USMNT needs an experienced manager who can get the most out of the group while providing winning results.

American Manager Options

Several American options are currently under contract like Steve Chreudolo (Los Angeles FC), Jim Curtin (Philadelphia Union), former USMNT manager Bob Bradley (Stabæk), or Pellegrino Matarazzo (TSG Hoffenheim) all seem very unlikely unless they can find a way out of their contracts, which was a problem when hiring Gregg Berhalter, which is why they waited over a year to hire him.

Then you have several former unattached USMNT players Tab Ramos (former Youth Technical Director and U-20 USMNT manager) Hugo Perez (former El Salvador manager) and David Wagner (former Norwich manager) who could be considered, all who would make great assistances to the next manager and or candidates for the 2030 cycle. 

There is also Bruce Arena who’s sitting at home right now and might want to redeem himself.

Foreign High Profile Managers 

These lists also include big names like Jurgen Klopp who is currently traveling around the United States on this 4th of July weekend or Marcelo Gallardo formerly manager of Al-Ittihad or Mauricio Pochettino most recently the manager of Chelsea for one season. Other big name managers who are currently available include Xavi formerly with Barcelona or Zinédine Zidane but those options aren’t going to happen.

Ideal International Manager Options

At this point in the cycle, the USMNT must hire a manager with International experience to prepare the USMNT for the 2026 FIFA World Cup. Here’s a look at managers with International expertise and their record as an International manager.

Joachim Löw (64) – Free Agent – Former German National Team Manager (2006-2021)
124 Wins, 40 Draws & 34 Losses, GF-467, GA-200

  • 2008 – UEFA Euro – Runners Up
  • 2010 – World Cup – Finished Third
  • 2012 – UEFA Euro – Lost in semi-finals
  • 2014 – World Cup – Champions 
  • 2016 – UEFA Euro – Lost in semi-finals
  • 2017 – Confederations Cup – Champions
  • 2018 – World Cup – Finished 22nd & last in their group
  • 2020 – UEFA Euro – Lost in Round of 16

Joachim Löw International’s resume and results speak for themselves. While I am not sure if he would accept an offer to coach the USMNT he checks all the boxes.

Hervé Renard (55) – France WNT
70 Wins, 38 Draws & 46 Losses, GF-205, GA-142

  • 2010 – CAF Africa Cup of Nations – Lost in the Quarter-Finals in PKs – Finished 6th
  • 2012 – CAF Africa Cup of Nations – Champions
  • 2013 – Eliminated in the group stage – Finished 12th  
  • 2015 – CAF Africa Cup of Nations – Champions
  • 2018 – World Cup – Eliminated in the group stage – Finished 27th
  • 2022 – World Cup – Eliminated in the group stage – Finished 25th

The French women’s national team manager is preparing for the 2024 Olympics, whose contract ends after the 2024 Olympics. Renard’s International experience with five different nations over six stints with Saudi Arabia, Morocco, Ivory Coast, Angola, and two stints with Zambia.

Jorge Sampaoli (64) – Free Agent – Former Chile (2012-2016) & Argentina (2017-2018) National Team Manager
34 Wins, 13 Draws & 12 Losses, GF-116, GA-65

  • 2014 – World Cup – Lost in Round of 16 in PKs
  • 2015 – Copa America – Champions
  • 2018 – World Cup – Lost in Round of 16

While Sampaoli’s International coaching career has been limited he has been successful in his stints as well as winning four trophies as manager of Club Universidad de Chile in the early 2010’s

Senol Gunes (72) – Free Agent
38 Wins, 23 Draws & 21 Losses

epa09288984 Turkey’s head coach Senol Gunes reacts during the UEFA EURO 2020 group A preliminary round soccer match between Switzerland and Turkey in Baku, Azerbaijan, 20 June 2021. EPA-EFE/Ozan Kose / POOL (RESTRICTIONS: For editorial news reporting purposes only. Images must appear as still images and must not emulate match action video footage. Photographs published in online publications shall have an interval of at least 20 seconds between the posting.)
  • 2002 – World Cup – Lost in Semi-Finals – Third Place
  • 2003 – Confederations Cup – Third Place
  • 2020 – UEFA Euro – Eliminated in the group stage – Finished 24th

Gunes’ most recent run as International manager with Türkiye wasn’t as successful as his first but has the necessary experience with International soccer. Gunes won six trophies as a manager two with Trabzonspor in the mid-1990s and another two with Trabzonspor in 2010 while also winning two trophies over the last eight years with Besiktas.

Louis van Gaal (72) – Advisor with Ajax
41 Wins, 19 Draws & 4 Losses, GF-154, GA-51


  • 2014 – World Cup – Lost in Semi-Finals – Third Place
  • 2022 – World Cup – Lost in Quarter-Finals  – Fifth Place

At 72 van Gaal’s coaching days might be behind him, however, he did get the Netherlands to the quarter-finals of the 2022 World Cup and lost in penalty kicks to the eventual winner Argentina.  Van Gaal also has a very long and successful club coaching career with Ajax, Barcelona, Bayern Munich, and Manchester United where he won 20 trophies.

Luis Enrique – Paris Saint-Germain
26 Wins, 14 Draws & 7 Losses, GF-97, GA-37

Soccer Football – FIFA World Cup Qatar 2022 – Group E – Japan v Spain – Khalifa International Stadium, Doha, Qatar – December 1, 2022 Spain coach Luis Enrique reacts REUTERS/Dylan Martinez
  • 2020 – UEFA Euro – Lost in Semi-Finals in PKs – Third Place
  • 2020–21 – UEFA Nations League – Second Place
  • 2022 – World Cup – Lost in Round of 16 in PKs  – 13th Place

It was rumored that Enrique was one of the three or four named final candidates for the USMNT in 2023. While Enrique’s International experience is limited he has recently competed in several FIFA tournaments will solid results with Spain. Enrique has also had a very successful club career earning 13 trophies with Paris Saint-Germain and Barcelona.

Next steps for US Soccer and the USMNT

So where does US Soccer go from here? From the sounds of it, leaders inside US Soccer don’t want to part ways with Gregg Berhalter, but I have to wonder why not. Gregg met the expectations of many when the USMNT qualified for the 2022 World Cup and made it out of the group, but in my humble opinion he isn’t able to take this group any further, which is very clear based on recent results against Trinidad and Tobago on the road in Nations League semi-finals, a home Friendly against Colombia and the home lost at Copa America to Panama.

I fear that the USSF will either not fire Gregg Berhalter or fire him and hire another puppet MLS American to run the USMNT, which isn’t what is needed over the next two years if the USMNT is going to make a wanted and needed deep run at the 2026 World Cup.

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Scheduling Conflict



World Cup hosts USMNT, Canada and Mexico will have trouble scheduling quality Friendlies over the next two years.

Thomas Deschaine (@uskeeper on X and us_keeper on Instagram)

With the 2026 FIFA World Cup less than two years away the USMNT will have limited opportunities to schedule quality matches as the rest of the Confederations compete in World Cup Qualifying and other tournaments, one of the disadvantages of hosting a World Cup.

US Soccer recently announced the USMNT will be playing home matches in the September FIFA window against Canada at Children’s Mercy Park in Kansas City and New Zealand at TQL Stadium in Cincinnati. US Soccer also announced one October match against Panama at Q2 Stadium in Austin Texas. It’s worth noting that Mexico could be the second match scheduled for the October FIFA window as there have been recent rumors indicating the likelihood of that happening.

The scheduling of quality opponents for the USMNT has been criticized by fans in recent years but with the creation of new Confederation tournaments in UEFA and Concacaf, the window for schedule matches between those Confederations has become increasingly challenging.

The USMNT rival to the south seems to be able to schedule additional Friendlies during a window as well as better-quality opponents. Mexico was able to schedule a third match during this June window as opposed to the USMNT which only had two matches. Mexico also scheduled three matches to USMNT one match in 2021 before the 2021 Gold Cup and yet again in 2022 scheduling three matches in the June window before the 2022 Nations League Finals along with scheduling two Friendlies before the 2022 World Cup.

I suspect over the next two years that the USMNT, Canada & Mexico will partner with one another in trying to schedule the same opponents for matches likely played in the United States, which happened during the 2023 October FIFA window when the USMNT and Mexico both played matches against Germany and Ghana.

Breaking Down of Confederation Schedules

US Soccer will have to work hard and be creative when trying to schedule matches for the 2025 windows in June, September, October, and November. It will get somewhat easier once teams in each Confederation move to the different rounds of World Cup qualifying.

Here’s a look at each Confederation by window 

AFC (Asian Football Confederation)

September 2-10, 2024 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 6 Teams)

October 7-15, 2024 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 6 Teams)

November 11-19, 2024 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 6 Teams)

March 17-25, 2025 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 6 Teams)

June 2-10, 2025 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 6 Teams)

September 1-9, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

October 6-14, 2025 – Fourth Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Match window – 2 Groups of 3 Teams)

November 10-18, 2025 – Fifth Round – AFC Playoff – Winner advances to the inter-confederation play-offs

March 23-31, 2025 – Inter-confederation play-offs (To include One team from AFC)

The USMNT has scheduled and played over 780 matches but has only played 11 away (7) or neutral (4) match Friendlies since the 1990 cycle, which is partly to do with the logistics.

CAF (Confederation of African Football)

September 2-10, 2024 – Africa Cup of Nations

October 7-15, 2024 – Africa Cup of Nations

November 11-19, 2024 – Africa Cup of Nations

March 17-25, 2025 – First Round – World Cup Qualifying (5 Groups of 6 Teams)

June 2-10, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

September 1-9, 2025 – First Round – World Cup Qualifying (5 Groups of 6 Teams)

October 6-14, 2025 – First Round – World Cup Qualifying (5 Groups of 6 Teams)

November 10-18, 2025 – Second Round – Group Runners Up – Winner advances to the inter-confederation play-offs

March 23-31, 2025 – Inter-confederation play-offs (To include One team from CAF)

Similar to the AFC the USMNT has only played five away (4) or neutral (1) Friendly matches since the 1990 cycle, which has mostly to do with the party logistics.

Concacaf (Confederation of North, Central America and Caribbean Association Football)

September 2-10, 2024 – Concacaf Nations League

October 7-15, 2024 – Concacaf Nations League

November 11-19, 2024 – Concacaf Nations League

March 17-25, 2025 – Concacaf Nations League

June 2-10, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

September 1-9, 2025 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 4 Teams)

October 6-14, 2025 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 4 Teams)

November 10-18, 2025 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (3 Groups of 4 Teams)

March 23-31, 2025 – Inter-confederation play-offs (To include Two teams from Concacaf)

The USMNT needs to avoid scheduling Friendly matches with teams from Concacaf as much as possible.

CONMEBOL (South American Football Confederation)

September 2-10, 2024 – World Cup Qualifying (1 Group of 10 Teams)

October 7-15, 2024 – World Cup Qualifying (1 Group of 10 Teams)

November 11-19, 2024 – World Cup Qualifying (1 Group of 10 Teams)

March 17-25, 2025 – World Cup Qualifying (1 Group of 10 Teams)

June 2-10, 2025 – World Cup Qualifying (1 Group of 10 Teams)

September 1-9, 2025 – World Cup Qualifying (1 Group of 10 Teams)

October 6-14, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

November 10-18, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

March 23-31, 2025 – Inter-confederation play-offs (7th team in standings to be included as the One team from CONMEBOL)

Over the last ten years, the USMNT has played 21 Friendly matches with CONMEBOL teams which has been their best chance to get regular quality opponents.

OFC (Oceania Football Confederation)

September 2-10, 2024 – First Round – World Cup Qualifying (Lower four seeds play in a knockout series)

October 7-15, 2024 – Second Round – World Cup Qualifying (2 Groups of 4 Teams)

November 11-19, 2024 – Second Round – World Cup Qualifying (2 Groups of 4 Teams)

March 17-25, 2025 – Third Round – World Cup Qualifying (Knockout series winner qualifies for Inter-confederation play-offs)

June 2-10, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

September 1-9, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

October 6-14, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

November 10-18, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

March 23-31, 2025 – Inter-confederation play-offs (To include the One team from OFC)

The USMNT has only ever played five matches, soon to be six matches against only Australia (Former member of OFC) and New Zealand 

UEFA (Union of European Football Associations)

September 2-10, 2024 – UEFA Nations League

October 7-15, 2024 – UEFA Nations League

November 11-19, 2024 – UEFA Nations League

March 17-25, 2025 – First Round – World Cup Qualifiers (Groups of 5 Teams Play) or UEFA Nations League

June 2-10, 2025 – First Round – World Cup Qualifiers (Groups of 5 Teams Play) or UEFA Nations League

September 1-9, 2025 – First Round – World Cup Qualifiers (All Groups of 4 & 5 Teams Play)

October 6-14, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

November 10-18, 2025 – No World Cup Qualifying matches in this window

March 23-31, 2026 – Inter-confederation play-offs (To include the One team from OFC)

I am unsure if there will be an opportunity for the USMNT to play any of the UEFA teams that aren’t part of the groups of five teams as some of those teams are likely to be participating in the quarter-finals or promotion/relegation play-offs of the UEFA Nations League. It’s also possible that any idol teams in those groups of five will be available from a Friendly in Europe. It’s still to be determined until the groups are drawn for the UEFA World Cup qualifying.

Other Match Possibilities

In 1993 and 1994 the USMNT scheduled and played the most FIFA matches in a year in back-to-back years playing 34 matches in 1993 and 27 matches in 1994, a feat likely to never be repeated. In those years the USMNT also scheduled many matches against top-tier club teams like Bayern Munich, Kedah, and FC Zurich.

While I see this as an unlikely option we may see some closed-door sessions with club teams like we saw before the 2022 World Cup when they played Al Gharafa SC or before the 2023 Gold Cup when they played Flash FC.

With the recent failure at the 2024 Copa America, where the USMNT was grouped, the team and players need every opportunity to schedule matches against the best quality of talent to make the needed progress forward and US Soccer will need to be on the ball in making sure other nations don’t get matches scheduled before they do.

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